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The 13th Saeima Elections

Elected MPs

Election results

Voter turnout

Candidate Lists at the 13th Saeima Elections

 

On Saturday, 6 October 2018 the the 13th Saeima elections or elections to the Parliament of Latvia were held. 844,925 or 54.6% of voters participated in the elections, 31,946 or 23.7% of them were voters registered abroad.

The 5% threshold to enter the parliament overcame seven parties and association of parties – the Social Democratic Party "Harmony" ("Saskaņa" sociāldemokrātiskā partija), the political party "KPV LV” (KPV LV, Kam Pieder Valsts – Who Owns the State), the New Conservative Party (Jaunā konservatīvā partija), For Development/For! (Attīstībai/Par!), the National Alliance "All For Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK" (Nacionālā apvienība "Visu Latvijai!"-"Tēvzemei un Brīvībai/LNNK"), the Greens and Farmers Union (Zaļo un Zemnieku savienība), the New Unity (Jaunā Vienotība).

The Social Democratic Party “Harmony” obtained 23 seats in the Saeima, the political party "KPV LV” and the New Conservative Party obtained 16 seats each, For Development/For! and the National Alliance "All For Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK" - 13 seats each, the Greens and Farmers Union – 11 seats and the New Unity – 8 seats.

There were 843,920 valid ballot envelopes with 839,000 valid ballot papers received in the 13th Saeima elections. 499,632 or 59.6% of all valid ballot papers were changed, i.e., voters had placed „+” marks next to the names of candidates whose election they particularly support and struck out the names of those candidates whose election they do not support.

2,114 voters had chosen to vote with an empty ballot envelope in the 13th Saeima elections that are 0.25% of the total of valid ballot envelopes. Torn ballot papers were found in 96 ballot envelopes, ballot papers of another constituency – in 15 ballot envelopes, but 2,695 voters had put ballot papers of different content in the ballot envelope and for this reason no one of these ballots were taken into account during vote counting.

 

Voting Rights

 

The Saeima election procedure is determined by the Satversme (Constitution), the Saeima Election Law, as well as by other regulations. The elections are organized by the electoral commissions of three levels, namely the Central Election Commission, 119 City and Municipality Election Commissions and more than a thousand Polling Station Commissions in Latvia and abroad.

All citizens of Latvia who on the Election Day had attained 18 years of age are entitled to vote.

At the Saeima elections voters have the right to vote in any polling station in Latvia or abroad irrespective of their place of residence or registered address. Voters are registered at polling stations by making a special mark in their passports.

Voters who have only electronic identity cards (eID), but did not have valid passports, from the 25th of September to the 6th of October 2018 have to receive a personalized voter card.

A voter can receive the voter card in that territorial section of the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs where his/her electronic identity card (eID) was issued. The voter card can also be received in another territorial section of the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs if a respective application in writing is submitted to the Office until 25 September 2018.

 

Ways of Voting

 

On the election day polling stations were open for voting between 7:00 am and 8:00 pm.

Voters who were not be able to attend a polling station on the Election Day, had a possibility to submit ballots for safe-keeping three days prior elections: on Wednesday the 3rd of October from 5:00 pm to 8:00 pm; on Thursday the 4th of October from 9:00 am to 12 noon; on Friday the 5th of October from 10:00 am to 4 pm. The polling stations where ballots could be submitted for safe-keeping was set up in municipalities with at least 7,500 eligible voters. In municipalities with more than 20,000 eligible voters, polling stations where ballots may be submitted for safe-keeping were set up to ensure that there was one such polling station per 20,000 voters.

In the 13th Saeima elections 33,791 or 2.18% of all voters submitted ballots for safe-keeping, 34 of them used the rights granted to them by the legislation and changed their vote on the Election Day.

Voters unable to come to the polling station for health reasons, caregivers of these voters and caregivers of ill persons could apply for off-site voting. Requests for off-site voting had to be submitted to the polling station nearest to the place where the voter is located between the 1st and 6th of October. 16,685 or 1.08% voters used this option and voted at their place of location.

Overseas voters could participate in the Saeima elections by voting on the Election Day at one of the polling stations established abroad or by mail. Voters were be able to apply to vote by mail between the 5th of May and the 14th of September. 431 voter used this possibility that is 0.32% of all voter registered abroad. More>>

Voting was organized for soldiers and national guardsmen participating in international missions, as well as for voters in penitentiaries.

Polling stations could be also established on ships sailing under the flag of Latvia and registered in the Republic of Latvia. In order to exercise such rights, not less than 60 days before the elections the ship owner needed to submit a proposal to the Central Election Commission regarding establishing of polling station and polling station commission. No porposal was received.

 

Submission of lists of candidates

 

Submission of lists of candidates for the 13th Saeima elections took place between the 18th of July and the7th of August 2018. The lists of candidates had to be submitted to the Central Election Commission. Legally registered political parties and alliances of political parties are entitled to submit the list of candidates.

A political party submitting its list of candidates to the Saeima elections has to be founded not less than a year before the Saeima elections and it has to consist of not less than 500 members.

If the list of candidates is submitted by an alliance of political parties, each of the parties within the alliance has to be also founded not less than a year before the Saeima elections and the alliance has to consist of not less than 500 members.

Lists of candidates must be prepared in accordance with the provisions of the Saeima Election Law. Submitters of the lists of candidates have to make a security deposit of EUR 1,400 in the bank account of the Central Election Commission

Any citizen of Latvia who has reached the age of 21 before the Election Day may be elected to the Saeima unless one or more of the restrictions specified in the Saeima Election Law apply.

The lists of candidates and the attached documents must be prepared electronically in the system for submission of lists of candidates of the Central Election Commission. The lists of candidates and the attached documents must be submitted in paper too.

There were 16 lists of candidates from parties and alliances of parties contained in total 1,461 candidate registered for the 13th Saeima elections. The submitted lists of candidates, election platforms, information about candidates and statistics are available here.

 

Pre-election Campaign

 

The period of pre-election campaign lasts from the 120th day before the elections until the election day.

From the 30th day before the election day the placement of materials of pre-election campaign on television is prohibited.

On the election day, and the day before the election day, the placement of materials of pre-election campaign on radio, public use outdoor areas and indoor premises, publications, on the Internet and authorities and capital companies, in which more than 50 per cent of capital shares (stocks) belong to the State or a municipality, is prohibited. On the Internet (except for the website of the political parties and alliances of political parties) on the Election Day and the day before the Election Day paid pre-election campaign also is prohibited.

On election day when polling stations are open pre-election campaign is prohibited inside the polling station or within 50 meters from the entrance to the building in which the polling station is located.

Monitoring of pre-election campaign is carried out (depending on the type of campaign) by the Corruption Prevention and Combating Bureau, the National Electronic Mass Media Council, the State Police and the Municipal Police. The chairperson of the polling station commission ensures that there is no campaigning inside the polling station or within 50 meters from the entrance to it.

Conditions for the pre-election campaign are set out in the Pre-election Campaign Law.